Best Engineering Courses for a bright and prosperous career- Civil Engineering

Civil Engineering is the pioneer of all Engineering studies and also composes of various other streams of engineering too. It evolved in the wake of 18th century from the roots of Military Science. From the construction of houses to temples to palaces to cities to dams to railroads to roads to bridges to mines, every structure requires the expertise of a civil engineer.

The job of a civil engineer is to get himself involved in all stages of the constructional activities of different projects. They make plans and designs of various infrastructures such as buildings, roads and bridges. Also a prime duty of a civil engineer is to supervise the constructional works for which he has laid out plans. They have to cross check to identify any deviation from proposed plan and this would require excellent skills in both supervision and administration. At first comes the planning and this stage involves analysis of the site, studying the feasibility and finding solutions to the various difficulties involved in the designing of the structures.

This particular branch of study is offered by many universities and colleges in India. And it is worthy to mention here that our state also has a long list of quality institutions for carrying out this course that have more than a decade of experience as this course is the very first to have been introduced in engineering studies in our country. Those who wish to pursue B.Tech in this branch can join in any of the colleges/universities after the successful completion of their higher secondary education. The career opportunities for the students are bright nowadays in civil industry.

Various disciplines of civil engineering:

The following are the various sub branches of Civil Engineering Department namely:
a) Geo informatics
b) Environmental Engineering
c) Agricultural Engineering
d) Architecture
e) Town and Country Planning
f) Soil Technology
g) Ocean and Coastal Engineering

Subjects covered in B.Tech Civil Engineering Courses:

B.Tech Civil engineering has regained its lost lust mainly because of fall of popularity of IT sector for the past two years. So before opting for this course we need to know in detail about the topics taught in the curriculum to make an informed decision. The various subjects taught during your stream of 4 year Engineering course are:
a) Architectural techniques
b) Geographical Science
c) CAD (Computer Aided Building Design)
d) Environmental Science
e) Hydraulics
f) Soil fertility engineering
g) Land surveying
h) RCC (Reinforced Cement Concrete) construction
i) Iron and wood construction
j) Railway
k) Airport and Harbour Engineering
l) Waste water management
m) Management Principles
n) Irrigational Engineering
o) Constructional operation and Earthquake Engineering

Various careers in Civil Engineering:

Civil Engineering industry has a lot of scope in the near future as the industry faces rising need for more skilled civil engineers every year. Civil Engineers are recruited as Site Engineers, Managers, Assistant Engineers, Project Engineers, Supervisors, Quality Controller, Planning Engineer, Estimator and Cost Analyst, Marketing Research Associates/Analyst, Finishing Engineers, Sales Executives, Port Engineers, Multimedia and BIM Trainer, Civil CADD Engineer, QS/QA/QC Engineers, Quantity Surveyors, AutoCAD Draftsman, Software Sales Engineer and Networking and IT Field Engineers. Additionally there are also many jobs are awaiting in government sector and PSU Companies. You can also start your own business by establishing your own construction firm.

Geo Informatics, a branch of Civil Engineering uses Cartography (map based technology) to resolve issues in Land engineering. This field also has a hefty of job opportunities in the fields of Geodesy, Global Navigation, Satellite Systems, Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing, Spatial Analysis and Web Mapping. According to Wikipedia definition “Civil engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, including works like roads, bridges, canals, dams, and buildings”. People who choose this profession as their career have an exclusive privilege of building structures that help people and thereby provides high levels of job satisfaction than any other job.

List of career options in Civil Engineering:

Career opportunities for the graduates belonging to this branch are huge at present. For the past decade or so the infrastructure and real estate industries are booming and hence the industry faces an acute shortage of qualified civil engineers. Now civil engineers are presented with opportunities in abroad also as various international infrastructure organisations are recruiting them for different types of constructional works.

Civil Engineering professionals have also an option of pursuing a career in the teaching field. They can easily get into several government and private engineering colleges as lecturers, professors or assistant professors. Sometimes a post graduation in Civil engineering is required for teaching. In such cases these professionals may even work in many research & development projects. After completion of their under graduation these professionals can get employed in various consultancy firms, road projects, infrastructure works, housing societies etc., undertaken by local and union government as well as by private companies and railway departments. The demand and salary will increase as they get more and more experienced. The remuneration for them will also be relatively high compared to that of others.

Scope for higher studies after B.Tech in Civil Engineering:

These days no student wants to land up in a job after his under graduation as he may get lost in the amount of competition currently prevailing in our country. Also as young engineers nowadays want to fill up the higher managerial positions with a handsome salary; the demand for higher studies in every discipline is highly debated. So while selecting a course the ability to pursue higher education in the same field plays an important part and civil engineering does not disappoint us in this frontier too as the graduates are left with many options to choose from interms of post graduation. They can pursue courses in master’s level as well as at the doctoral level.

Many colleges and universities of our nation offer M.Tech in Civil engineering with a range of different specializations for students to choose from based on their area of interest. The various specializations in M.Tech Civil Engineering are
• M.Tech. in Civil Engineering – Building Technology and Construction Management
• M.Tech. in Civil Engineering – Environmental Engineering
• M.Tech. in Civil Engineering – Geotechnical Engineering
• M.Tech. in Civil Engineering – Hydraulic and Water Resources Engineering
• M.Tech. in Civil Engineering – Structural Engineering
• M.Tech. in Civil Engineering – Transportation Engineering

To join M.Tech in this branch at first the candidates have to qualify the GATE exams to get admitted in various colleges. Apart from doing M.Tech courses, students can also opt to do an MBA. Various specializations are available during the course of the MBA as well.

Civil Engineering along with its associated branches of study never loses its significance. So we recommend students to choose this branch without much of hesitation. Come let us build a strong nation by becoming talented civil Engineers.

Click here to read our previous post to know more about B.Tech in Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering course

Best Courses for B.E/B.Tech Admissions 2016 Naval Architecture & Ocean Engineering

B.Tech graduation in Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering course is available in Chennai IIT and in some very few colleges. Ocean Engineers plan and design various devices that are required by sea voyagers and marine ecologists under various circumstances. This is a challenging course as it demands physical fitness and the ability to perform well both individually and in a team at crunch situations. B.Tech Graduates of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering can find numerous job opportunities in Military, Oil fields and Sea Transport departments in both public and private sector.

Subjects taught in B.Tech (Naval Arch & Ocean Engg):

1) Ship Theory
2) Analysis of Structures
3) Ship Resistance and Propulsion
4) Fluid Mechanics
5) Ship Structures
6) Ship Design
7) Marine Engineering
8) Vibration of Marine Structures and Acoustics
9) Dynamics of Floating Systems and Marine Vehicles

Scope of Naval Architects and Ocean Engineers:

Ocean Engineers have vast job opportunities in Consultancy, Marketing and Sales, Operations, Regulation, Surveying and Overseeing, Research and Development, Education and Training apart from conventional positions such as designers and construction supervisors. Each kind of job has its own distinguished feature and provides ample opportunities for imagination and initiative in a wide range of managerial and technical posts.

Various Positions & Job Roles of Ocean Engineers:

Ocean Engineers serve a wide range of posts spanning across multiple sectors. A few of the job positions that Ocean Engineers occupy and their responsibilities are as follows:

a) As a Coastal Engineer:

Here they deal with dynamic interaction of ocean and shore by creating shore protection equipments like breakwaters, jetties etc., they also play their part in designing harbors and ports too!

b) As Offshore Engineer:

In this position Engineers design huge structures like steel jacket structures, tension-leg platforms and concrete gravity platforms that could withstand severe ocean currents.

c) As Environmental Engineer:

A career as Environmental Engineer gives a sense of fulfillment as we can play a vital role to protect the seas from the ill effects of human activities. We can also involve ourselves in utilizing or harvesting the resources of the ocean such as wave energy, tidal power, minerals and thermal energy.

Target Industries for Ocean and Naval Architect Engineers:

There are abundant jobs available for Naval Architects and Ocean Engineers in private, corporate, educational and government sectors. Some main industries of this sector available are:
i) Offshore Oil Recovery
ii) Marine metals and corrosion
iii) Environmental Protection
iv) Global Climate Monitoring
v) Renewable Energy
vi) Underwater Vehicles
vii) Remote Sensing
viii) Marine Transportation
ix) Naval Architecture and Defense

Career paths of Naval/Ocean Engineers:

Based on your area of interest you can choose various career paths that best suits your career aspiration from the below list:

a) Design Office:

As a design office engineer, Naval/Ocean Engineers are employed by various boat and ship builders, design consultants, offshore constructors for submarines and ships of Navy and Ministry of Defense.

b) Field Engineer:

By becoming a site engineer, we can get to work with large and small ship builders and repairers for construction and repair purposes. Additionally Field Engineers are also involved in maintenance and repair of submarines, naval ships, ports, harbours and other offshore structures.

c) Consultant:

By working as consultant, Ocean Engineers and Naval Architects can provide valuable engineering solutions, commercial and technical guidance to the clients. Also they can do project management for concept design studies, new vessel constructions, new offshore structure developments, conversions and refits.

d) Ship Surveyor:

By becoming a Ship Surveyor Naval Architects/ Ocean Engineers get a chance to engage themselves worldwide in evaluating the safety of marine structures and ships on the basis of rules framed by International Maritime Organization.

e) Research and Development:

Offshore R&D is a highly reputed field worldwide. This field is ideally suited for all those post graduate holders in Naval Architect/ Ocean Engineering courses with the desired experience. We can engage in research in industry and universities across the globe.

List of institutes offering courses in Naval Architect/ Ocean Engineering:

1) Indian Institute of Technology Madras
2) Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
3) National Institute of Technology Mangalore
4) National Institute of Technology Calicut
5) Cochin University of Science and Technology
6) Chennai school of Ship Management Mambakkam
7) College of Engineering, Andhra university
8) Institute of Ship building Technology, Goa

Ocean Engineering is a budding field and has already started stamping its mark recently. An advantage in this industry is that not much are yet explored and that leaves ample space for new researches to come through for development of cutting edge technology. Hence career opportunity in this sector will certainly go up within the next few years and the graduates will also get competitive pay as compared to other industries. Since there is severe shortage of qualified Ocean Scientists/ Engineers at present, choosing this course will be ideal if you have that exploratory and research oriented approach.

Naval Architecture is an excellent course and there are a lot of career opportunities lying before us based on the current scenario. You can join a shipyard, a classification society or even a design company. However, the only limitation is that most of the opportunities available right now are located abroad. Our advice is that you try and get inside IIT-KGP or IIT-M or CUSAT or IMU but bear in mind that you must choose a college which is already established and has good alumnus. These factors are instrumental in getting a job and developing your career. Also who knows? May be tomorrow’s greatest inventions in medicine, science and life knowledge could be lying underneath the oceans and you could be unraveling it sooner than later…

Click here to read our detailed analysis of CBSE Class 10 Results 2016

Why Asians Students are flocking to American universities? Is this good or bad for American Education.

Students from Asia have always flocked abroad in large numbers to pursue further studies from top institutes. The top choice of country has been US for Asian students since many decades now. The reasons behind this are the presence of top universities, easy visa process, many scholarships available, and the presence of a strong Asian community in US. Plus the fact that it is easier to get a job in US after finishing the studies than in Asia makes it even more attractive destination.

Reasons why US is a favorite destination for Asian students

Top ranking universities – Around 60% of the world’s top ranking universities are in the US. Because of this the standard of American education is considered to be very high. You would be surprised to know that the assets of Harvard University alone are more than the total higher education budget of India. This just goes on that the American universities take education very seriously and even the state universities are well equipped than most private universities of the world.

Easy availability of jobs – Students from Asia go to American universities to eventually get into a high paying job either in US or at their home-country, or to start their own business venture or startup. In terms on job market suitability, US is considered to be the best place in the world whether you want to work or start your own company. The main reason behind it is that the variety of jobs in US is a lot more than anywhere else in the world.

Easy Immigration opportunities – US is considered to be a melting pot where immigrants from all over the world reside. The American society allows people to fit in much more easily than other countries. Only a few of the developed nations have better visa and immigration policies than the US. The permanent residency option might be lengthy but it is still better than a lot of European countries.

Presence of strong Asian community – US is one country where most of the international students are from China and India. So it becomes very easy for Indian students to find their cliques quickly. So the whole process of settling down to the new society and people becomes very easy. Even at the college, there are students from Asia all around. Almost every city has temples and Indian stores/Chinatown. This makes US a default choice for Asian students.

Is it a positive trend or not?

In terms of purely volumes, Asia has the capacity to produce more scientists, mathematicians, engineers and other professionals simply because 60% of the world’s population resides here. On the other hand, around five percent of the world’s population lives in the US. So if the Asian students leave their countries and go for further education in US, it is a threat to the nation’s employment sector as it will be under-represented by American citizens. If US has more of immigrant employees then the education will also have to be customized according to their needs.

American president Barack Obama has already said that America must out-educate other nations if it wants to continue thriving economically. Competitiveness is ingrained in the minds of Asian youth. Usually Asians are raised with two career options: either working in factories or farms. However recent opportunities in finance, technology and energy sector are driving Asia’s economic future. And the best part is that Asians don’t take education for granted. In Asian villages, kids view education as the only way they can break the cycle and get out of the rural setting.

Counter argument

If the students from such competitive societies keep coming to the US, it is only going to increase the competitive bar for the American students. As is common knowledge, many American students don’t choose to go to college after high school. If being on top of your game was the only option to land a good job, the American students would also attend college in higher numbers. Then there would be higher chances of the college fee dropping, as the current higher education costs are very high. In that case the education being made cheaper for the general public and international students would be a very important step in making education more accessible.

Since education is meant to be for everyone, it would be the perfect scenario if all the talent of the world got the best education. Although this is just imagined scenario, the influx of international students is an ongoing process and is already changing the world in more ways that we realize.

It might take some years for this to happen, but there is a positive and negative side to the Asian students leaving their home countries to go to the US. However, looking at the present situation, they are only helping the American education diversify more.

Author Bio: Harleen is a voracious reader and loves fiction. She’s also a Marvel, Japanese Anime and Manga geek. Given a choice she would spend her life tucked away in the serenity of the English countryside.

PhD Positions at Poornaprajna Institute of Scientific Research in India

The Poornaprajna Institute of Scientific Research (PPISR) is inviting applications from scholars and young researchers to pursue PhD in diverse fields of study at PPISR, Bangalore India. The scholarships are provided to the scholars and researchers interested ad enthusiastic about the fields of Theoretical Physics, Biological Sciences and Material Sciences.

About PPISR

The PPISR (Poornaprajna Institute of Scientific Research) is located near Bangalore and it is recognised by the Government of India (GOI), Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR), Karnataka and the Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka. The PPISR has been provided with many of the Government sponsored projects. The PPISR provide students with lot of opportunities to interact with other research institutes and faculties in our country and abroad. The faculty members usually tend to be the PhD guides and the students enrolled as research fellows are registered in the Manipal University, Manipal(one of the top private universities in India) as PhD fellows.

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Short Research and Professional Visits Grants for Indian Students in UK

The Charles Wallace Trust (CWT) is inviting Indian students for short research and professional visits in the United Kingdom. The students, professionals and research scholars can apply to these scholarships for short visits and research in UK. The scholarship provider is the Charles Wallace India Trust (CWT). The study subjects are basically literature, philosophy, history of art, performing arts and creative arts, and history for which all the grants are provided.

Scholarship Details

The CWT trust offers around ten to fifteen scholarship grants to research scholars annually towards the scholarship grant for the academic students and research scholars for short periods and visits to the United Kingdom. The grants of about 1400 pounds are being offered which are quite sufficient for the students to stay there for the three months for the entire visit.

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PhD Positions at Centre of Biomedical Research (CBMR) in India, 2014/2015

The Scholars/students who wish to pursue research in Biomedical Fields are invited for the application process of scholarship from the Centre of Biomedical Research, Lucknow, India.

This is a well deserved scholarship awarded to scholars for pursuing research in interdisciplinary courses of Biomedical Research and expertise. This initiative encourages scholars to take up and pursue research of high quality with the help of scientists and doctoral holders.

Scholarship details

The applications for the scholarships are invited to study PhD at Centre of Biomedical research (CBMR) from eligible candidates or JRF qualified candidates who are interested in pursuing research and PhD in inter-disciplinary fields. The students applying should have a Master’s degree in Biotechnology/ Microbiology/ Biochemistry/ Life Sciences with a good academic profile. The students should also be CSIR/UGC-JRF, DBT-JRF, ICMR-JRF qualified. The scholarships positions will be availing 16,000 plus HRA (The HRA will be provided as per the norms of the funding agency).

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Global Studies Programme

The Global studies programme is an interdisciplinary programme where the scholars and students get to global universities to carry out various different research activities or post graduate program on social science.

The global studies programme is conducted jointly by different universities from different global regions. The universities conducting this program are University of Freiburg (Berlin, one of Germany’s nine universities of excellence), the University of Cape Town (African’s best university), FLACSO Argentina (the top university in social science study in Latin America) , Jawaharlal Nehru University(New Delhi, the prestigious Indian social science university) and Chulalongkorn University(Bangkok, Thailand’s oldest university). All these institutions are very popular, prestigious institutions and are the best in their regions.

This programme also received an award of ‘Top Ten International Master’s Degree Programme’ in the year 2006.

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Jagriti Yatra

Jagriti Yatra is an impressive expedition by train on the road of discovery and change undertaken by a multitude of motivated Indians, in their youth, particularly belonging to small towns and villages across India.

It is a 15- day expedition, covering 8000 km, a journey across the length and breadth of India, meeting eminent people who have helped in the progress of India – social activists, businessmen who have made their mark from humble beginnings and great Indian thinkers. Jagriti is all about ‘building India through enterprise’.

450 young Indians are chosen from several hundred applications, mostly from lesser know towns and villages in India. The idea is to give an opportunity to these youngsters to meet their role-models, gain confidence and find inspiration to forge ahead in life and bring about a positive change to every nook and corner of India.

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National Standard Examinations – National Olympiad Programme

Since many years, the necessity for a nationwide Olympiad programme in basic sciences has been acknowledged by the Indian scientific society. Indians began taking part in the International Mathematics Olympiad since the year 1989. Later, participation in International Olympiads in Chemistry, Physics, Biology as well as Astronomy was a natural outcome.
The Homi Bhabha Centre for Science Education and the Indian Association of Physics Teachers in collaboration initiated the Physics Olympiad programme in the year 1997-98. The next year initiatives were taken to introduce Chemistry and Biology Olympiad programmes. In the year 1998 the first batch of Indians took part in the International Physics Olympiad, followed by the first batch in the International Chemistry Olympiad the next year and in the International Biology Olympiad the following year. The year 2004 saw the first batch of Indians taking part in the International Junior Science Olympiad and in 2007 the first batch attended the International Olympiad in Astronomy and Astrophysics.

India has hosted many International Olympiads.

  • 2001 – 33rd International Chemistry Olympiad
  • 2006 – 11th International Astronomy Olympiad
  • 2008 – 19th International Biology Olympiad
  • 2013 – International Junior Science Olympiad

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Maulana Azad Education Foundation

Maulana Azad Education Foundation was initiated to encourage education among Muslim communities in India that are educationally backward.

Maulana Azad Education Foundation is entirely sponsored by the Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India. The President of the Foundation, is the Minister of Minority Affairs. The Foundation was instituted during the birth centenary celebrations of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad in the year in 1989.

Schemes undertaken by the Foundation:

  • Maulana Azad National Scholarship for Meritorious Girls Students
  • Grant-in-Aid for NGO’s
  • Maulana Azad Memorial Lecture & Awareness Program

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