Civil Engineering is the pioneer of all Engineering studies and also composes of various other streams of engineering too. It evolved in the wake of 18th century from the roots of Military Science. From the construction of houses to temples to palaces to cities to dams to railroads to roads to bridges to mines, every structure requires the expertise of a civil engineer.
The job of a civil engineer is to get himself involved in all stages of the constructional activities of different projects. They make plans and designs of various infrastructures such as buildings, roads and bridges. Also a prime duty of a civil engineer is to supervise the constructional works for which he has laid out plans. They have to cross check to identify any deviation from proposed plan and this would require excellent skills in both supervision and administration. At first comes the planning and this stage involves analysis of the site, studying the feasibility and finding solutions to the various difficulties involved in the designing of the structures.
This particular branch of study is offered by many universities and colleges in India. And it is worthy to mention here that our state also has a long list of quality institutions for carrying out this course that have more than a decade of experience as this course is the very first to have been introduced in engineering studies in our country. Those who wish to pursue B.Tech in this branch can join in any of the colleges/universities after the successful completion of their higher secondary education. The career opportunities for the students are bright nowadays in civil industry.
Various disciplines of civil engineering:
The following are the various sub branches of Civil Engineering Department namely:
a) Geo informatics
b) Environmental Engineering
c) Agricultural Engineering
e) Town and Country Planning
f) Soil Technology
g) Ocean and Coastal Engineering
Subjects covered in B.Tech Civil Engineering Courses:
B.Tech Civil engineering has regained its lost lust mainly because of fall of popularity of IT sector for the past two years. So before opting for this course we need to know in detail about the topics taught in the curriculum to make an informed decision. The various subjects taught during your stream of 4 year Engineering course are:
a) Architectural techniques
b) Geographical Science
c) CAD (Computer Aided Building Design)
d) Environmental Science
f) Soil fertility engineering
g) Land surveying
h) RCC (Reinforced Cement Concrete) construction
i) Iron and wood construction
k) Airport and Harbour Engineering
l) Waste water management
m) Management Principles
n) Irrigational Engineering
o) Constructional operation and Earthquake Engineering
Various careers in Civil Engineering:
Civil Engineering industry has a lot of scope in the near future as the industry faces rising need for more skilled civil engineers every year. Civil Engineers are recruited as Site Engineers, Managers, Assistant Engineers, Project Engineers, Supervisors, Quality Controller, Planning Engineer, Estimator and Cost Analyst, Marketing Research Associates/Analyst, Finishing Engineers, Sales Executives, Port Engineers, Multimedia and BIM Trainer, Civil CADD Engineer, QS/QA/QC Engineers, Quantity Surveyors, AutoCAD Draftsman, Software Sales Engineer and Networking and IT Field Engineers. Additionally there are also many jobs are awaiting in government sector and PSU Companies. You can also start your own business by establishing your own construction firm.
Geo Informatics, a branch of Civil Engineering uses Cartography (map based technology) to resolve issues in Land engineering. This field also has a hefty of job opportunities in the fields of Geodesy, Global Navigation, Satellite Systems, Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing, Spatial Analysis and Web Mapping. According to Wikipedia definition “Civil engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, including works like roads, bridges, canals, dams, and buildings”. People who choose this profession as their career have an exclusive privilege of building structures that help people and thereby provides high levels of job satisfaction than any other job.
List of career options in Civil Engineering:
Career opportunities for the graduates belonging to this branch are huge at present. For the past decade or so the infrastructure and real estate industries are booming and hence the industry faces an acute shortage of qualified civil engineers. Now civil engineers are presented with opportunities in abroad also as various international infrastructure organisations are recruiting them for different types of constructional works.
Civil Engineering professionals have also an option of pursuing a career in the teaching field. They can easily get into several government and private engineering colleges as lecturers, professors or assistant professors. Sometimes a post graduation in Civil engineering is required for teaching. In such cases these professionals may even work in many research & development projects. After completion of their under graduation these professionals can get employed in various consultancy firms, road projects, infrastructure works, housing societies etc., undertaken by local and union government as well as by private companies and railway departments. The demand and salary will increase as they get more and more experienced. The remuneration for them will also be relatively high compared to that of others.
Scope for higher studies after B.Tech in Civil Engineering:
These days no student wants to land up in a job after his under graduation as he may get lost in the amount of competition currently prevailing in our country. Also as young engineers nowadays want to fill up the higher managerial positions with a handsome salary; the demand for higher studies in every discipline is highly debated. So while selecting a course the ability to pursue higher education in the same field plays an important part and civil engineering does not disappoint us in this frontier too as the graduates are left with many options to choose from interms of post graduation. They can pursue courses in master’s level as well as at the doctoral level.
Many colleges and universities of our nation offer M.Tech in Civil engineering with a range of different specializations for students to choose from based on their area of interest. The various specializations in M.Tech Civil Engineering are
• M.Tech. in Civil Engineering – Building Technology and Construction Management
• M.Tech. in Civil Engineering – Environmental Engineering
• M.Tech. in Civil Engineering – Geotechnical Engineering
• M.Tech. in Civil Engineering – Hydraulic and Water Resources Engineering
• M.Tech. in Civil Engineering – Structural Engineering
• M.Tech. in Civil Engineering – Transportation Engineering
To join M.Tech in this branch at first the candidates have to qualify the GATE exams to get admitted in various colleges. Apart from doing M.Tech courses, students can also opt to do an MBA. Various specializations are available during the course of the MBA as well.
Civil Engineering along with its associated branches of study never loses its significance. So we recommend students to choose this branch without much of hesitation. Come let us build a strong nation by becoming talented civil Engineers.