B.Tech graduation in Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering course is available in Chennai IIT and in some very few colleges. Ocean Engineers plan and design various devices that are required by sea voyagers and marine ecologists under various circumstances. This is a challenging course as it demands physical fitness and the ability to perform well both individually and in a team at crunch situations. B.Tech Graduates of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering can find numerous job opportunities in Military, Oil fields and Sea Transport departments in both public and private sector.
Subjects taught in B.Tech (Naval Arch & Ocean Engg):
1) Ship Theory
2) Analysis of Structures
3) Ship Resistance and Propulsion
4) Fluid Mechanics
5) Ship Structures
6) Ship Design
7) Marine Engineering
8) Vibration of Marine Structures and Acoustics
9) Dynamics of Floating Systems and Marine Vehicles
Scope of Naval Architects and Ocean Engineers:
Ocean Engineers have vast job opportunities in Consultancy, Marketing and Sales, Operations, Regulation, Surveying and Overseeing, Research and Development, Education and Training apart from conventional positions such as designers and construction supervisors. Each kind of job has its own distinguished feature and provides ample opportunities for imagination and initiative in a wide range of managerial and technical posts.
Various Positions & Job Roles of Ocean Engineers:
Ocean Engineers serve a wide range of posts spanning across multiple sectors. A few of the job positions that Ocean Engineers occupy and their responsibilities are as follows:
a) As a Coastal Engineer:
Here they deal with dynamic interaction of ocean and shore by creating shore protection equipments like breakwaters, jetties etc., they also play their part in designing harbors and ports too!
b) As Offshore Engineer:
In this position Engineers design huge structures like steel jacket structures, tension-leg platforms and concrete gravity platforms that could withstand severe ocean currents.
c) As Environmental Engineer:
A career as Environmental Engineer gives a sense of fulfillment as we can play a vital role to protect the seas from the ill effects of human activities. We can also involve ourselves in utilizing or harvesting the resources of the ocean such as wave energy, tidal power, minerals and thermal energy.
Target Industries for Ocean and Naval Architect Engineers:
There are abundant jobs available for Naval Architects and Ocean Engineers in private, corporate, educational and government sectors. Some main industries of this sector available are:
i) Offshore Oil Recovery
ii) Marine metals and corrosion
iii) Environmental Protection
iv) Global Climate Monitoring
v) Renewable Energy
vi) Underwater Vehicles
vii) Remote Sensing
viii) Marine Transportation
ix) Naval Architecture and Defense
Career paths of Naval/Ocean Engineers:
Based on your area of interest you can choose various career paths that best suits your career aspiration from the below list:
a) Design Office:
As a design office engineer, Naval/Ocean Engineers are employed by various boat and ship builders, design consultants, offshore constructors for submarines and ships of Navy and Ministry of Defense.
b) Field Engineer:
By becoming a site engineer, we can get to work with large and small ship builders and repairers for construction and repair purposes. Additionally Field Engineers are also involved in maintenance and repair of submarines, naval ships, ports, harbours and other offshore structures.
By working as consultant, Ocean Engineers and Naval Architects can provide valuable engineering solutions, commercial and technical guidance to the clients. Also they can do project management for concept design studies, new vessel constructions, new offshore structure developments, conversions and refits.
d) Ship Surveyor:
By becoming a Ship Surveyor Naval Architects/ Ocean Engineers get a chance to engage themselves worldwide in evaluating the safety of marine structures and ships on the basis of rules framed by International Maritime Organization.
e) Research and Development:
Offshore R&D is a highly reputed field worldwide. This field is ideally suited for all those post graduate holders in Naval Architect/ Ocean Engineering courses with the desired experience. We can engage in research in industry and universities across the globe.
List of institutes offering courses in Naval Architect/ Ocean Engineering:
1) Indian Institute of Technology Madras
2) Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
3) National Institute of Technology Mangalore
4) National Institute of Technology Calicut
5) Cochin University of Science and Technology
6) Chennai school of Ship Management Mambakkam
7) College of Engineering, Andhra university
8) Institute of Ship building Technology, Goa
Ocean Engineering is a budding field and has already started stamping its mark recently. An advantage in this industry is that not much are yet explored and that leaves ample space for new researches to come through for development of cutting edge technology. Hence career opportunity in this sector will certainly go up within the next few years and the graduates will also get competitive pay as compared to other industries. Since there is severe shortage of qualified Ocean Scientists/ Engineers at present, choosing this course will be ideal if you have that exploratory and research oriented approach.
Naval Architecture is an excellent course and there are a lot of career opportunities lying before us based on the current scenario. You can join a shipyard, a classification society or even a design company. However, the only limitation is that most of the opportunities available right now are located abroad. Our advice is that you try and get inside IIT-KGP or IIT-M or CUSAT or IMU but bear in mind that you must choose a college which is already established and has good alumnus. These factors are instrumental in getting a job and developing your career. Also who knows? May be tomorrow’s greatest inventions in medicine, science and life knowledge could be lying underneath the oceans and you could be unraveling it sooner than later…